USE1.3-B UNIX File System Tree
The UNIX file system is organized hierarchically according to the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard.
UNIX follows the philosophy that everything is a file. Directories are indicated with a “/” separator and start from the root directory “/” and different devices are linked to this tree.
Files and directories can be referred to either using absolute or relative file names.
Typically, several elementary programs are pre-installed and allow access and manipulation of files and directories.
- To understand the file system layout and perform typical file operations to access and manipulate the file system.
- Describe the organization of a hierarchical file system.
- Explain the basic UNIX permission model and metadata of files.
- Describe the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard and the relevance of the directories:
- lib and /usr/lib
- bin and /usr/bin
- sbin and /usr/sbin
- Utilize tools to navigate and traverse the file system:
- ls (-R, -l)
- Use tools to read files:
- Utilize tools to manipulate the file system:
- Utilize tools to identify and manipulate permissions: